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Am J Trop Med Hyg 2002 Jul;67(1):67-75.

An outbreak of West Nile virus in a New York City captive wildlife population.

Ludwig GV, Calle PP, Mangiafico JA, Raphael BL, Danner DK, Hile JA, Clippinger TL, Smith JF, Cook RA, McNamara T

Diagnostic Systems Division, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, Maryland 21702-5011, USA. george.ludwig@det.amedd.army.mil

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Article type: Curated - Canary ID: 3113

Cause and Effect Analysis Interspecies susceptibility data Shared exposures with humans Shared outcomes with humans Gene sequence data
Yes Yes No No No
Study type N Routes Sampling Controls Timing
cross sectional 485 vector exposure yes concurrent
descriptive vector - - concurrent
Exposures West Nile virus
Risk factors Age Factors
Seasons
Outcomes West Nile Fever
Species Accipiter cooperi
Accipiter striatus
Acryllium vulturinum
Afropavo congensis
American crow
American white pelican
Anas formosa
Anas sp.
Aonyx cinereus
Asian elephant
Axis axis
Babirusa
Bali myna
Bears
Bleeding-heart pigeon
Blesbok
Blyth's tragopan
Bubo lacteus
Caloenas nicobarica
Camelids, New World
Carnivora
Cheetahs
Chickens
Chilean flamingo
Coragyps atratus
Cyanochen cyanoptera
Cyanocitta cristata
Cygnus buccinator
Ducula bicolor
Dumetella carolinensis
Emus
Epimachus meyeri
Equus subg. Asinus
Eudromia elegans
fennec
four-toed hedgehog
Francois langur
Francolinus erckelii
Gallus varius
Garrulax leucolophus
Gazella leptoceros
Gazella thomsoni
Geronticus eremita
Goats
Golden eagle
Gorilla gorilla
grey gull
Grus japonensis
Grus monacha
Grus nigricollis
Grus vipio
Guttera pucherani
Hoatzin, NOS
Horses
Ibex goat
Indian rhinoceros
Irena
King vulture
Lady Amherst pheasant
Laughing gull
Lemur catta
Leopard cat
Leptoptilos crumeniferus
Leptoptilos javanicus
Lophura bulweri
Lophura erythropthalma
Lorius
Mallard duck
Maxwell's duiker
Muscovy duck
Musophaga rossae
Nasua nasua
Netta
Nyala, NOS
Nyctea scandiaca
Nycticorax nycticorax
Okapi
Otidiphaps nobilis
Papio sphinx
Paradisaea rubra
Paroaria coronata
Pelecanus occidentalis
Phalacrocorax bougainvillii
Phasianus colchicus
Polyplectron inopinatum
Polyplectron malacense
Procyon lotor
Pterocles
Ptilinopus
Rallus owstoni
Red-tailed hawk
Rock hyrax
rock pigeon
Rollulus roulroul
Satyr tragopan
Sika deer
Spheniscus magellanicus
Strix varia
Theropithecus
Tragopan caboti
Turdus migratorius
Turkeys
Tyto alba
Uncia uncia
Locations location map
United States New York Bronx Park (park)

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